Famous Baijnath Temple Himachal Pradesh – Baijnath Mandir

Ancient Baijnath Temple

This is a complete guide to visiting the ancient and famous Baijnath temple located in Kangra District of Himachal Pradesh, India. Read about the temple’s history and mysteries.

Ancient Baijnath Temple Himachal Pradesh

About This Blog Post
The ancient and famous Baijnath Shiva Temple is located in the Kangra District of Himachal Pradesh in India
. In this blog post, you will read all about this ancient and sacred Baijnath Dham Mandir, its history and the mysteries associated with it. The beautiful architecture and sculptures of the Baijnath Mandir are highlighted in the blog post along with useful information about the timings of Baijnath Temple, how to reach the temple, and where to stay during your visit.

The mystical, ancient and famous Baijnath Temple is located near the banks of the river Binwa in a town with the same name in the Kangra District of the state of Himachal Pradesh in northern India. As with most Shiva temples in India, the Baijnath Mandir too is surrounded by a string of fascinating legends and myths.

The serene settings of the Baijnath Mandir Himachal Pradesh evoke a sense of divine calm and well being. The Baijnath Dham Mandir seems to rise from the emerald grass that surrounds it snd paints a beautiful picture framed against the backdrop of the Dhauladhar ranges.

Ancient & Famous Baijnath Temple Himachal Pradesh | Baba Baijnath Dham

Baijnath Mandir Himachal Pradesh
Baijnath Mandir, Kangra, Himachal Pradesh

The famous Baijnath temple is an ancient temple of Himachal Pradesh and is not to be confused with a Shiva shrine of the same name in the state of Uttarakhand. There is another Shiva temple in Deoghar in Jharkhand which is known as the Baidyanath temple and is considered as one of the Jyotirlinga temples. The temple in Himachal Pradesh is dedicated to Lord Shiva who is worshipped as Vaidyanath or Baijnath Mahadev.

Famous Baijnath Temple History

Famous Baijnath Temple History
Famous Baijnath Temple History -Baijnath Dham Mandir

The history of the Baijnath Temple of Himachal Pradesh is traced from the inscriptions found inside the temple. These can be seen in the main hall or Mandapa of the temple. The inscriptions are in Sanskrit and the local Pahari language. According to the official website of the temple, the temple was constructed by two brothers Manyuka and Ahuka, who lived in the region which was then known as Kiragrama.

According to the inscriptions the famous Baijnath temple was built in Saka 1126 which converts to 1204 CE in the Gregorian calendar. However, though the temple was constructed by the two brothers, the inscriptions also point out the existence of the Shivlinga that was called Vaidyanatha even before the construction of the temple.

There is no documented history after this. However, inscriptions on the wooden door of the Garba Griha, tell about the renovation and repair of the temple in the 18th century by Sansara Chandra II, the Katoch king who ruled over the Kangra region in those times.

On the 4th of April, 1905, the Kangra region was rocked by a massive earthquake that measured 7.8 on the Surface Wave Magnitude Scale. More than 20,000 people lost their lives and most of the buildings in the region including those in Mcleod Ganj, Dharamshala, and Kangra were either destroyed or damaged.

J.Ph.Vogel, who was a Dutch Sanskrit expert and an epigrapher, and was working with the Archaeological Survey of India between 1901 and 1914, has documented the damage to the Baijnath Temple in his reports. The outer walls were damaged in the earthquake, however, the main shrine and the main hall including the Garba Griha seem to have miraculously escaped the fury of the quake.

The damage caused to the temple in the earthquake was later repaired. Worship at the temple continues to be performed according to prescribed rituals by the hereditary priests who have been officiating for many generations.

Ancient & Famous Baijnath Temple Story And Legends

Famous Baijnath Temple India
Baijnath Temple Kangra Himachal Pradesh

There are many interesting stories and legends that surround the Baijnath temple and the sacred Baijnath Shivling. These legends connect the temple and its deity with two of the great Indian mythologies Ramayana and Mahabharata.

According to the official website of the ancient and famous Baijnath Temple, during the Tretayuga, Ravana the King of Lanka was a staunch devotee of Lord Shiva. He did rigorous penance to the Lord at Kailash. However, when his penance did not yield any result, he proceeded to a place called Kurah which is believed to be present-day Manimahesh in the Chamba District of Himachal Pradesh.

Once in Kurah, Ravana intensified his penance and started sacrificing his 10 heads. The Devas who were alarmed at the consequences of Ravana attaining divine powers because of his penance, beseeched Lord Shiva to stop him. Lord Shiva appeared before Ravana and pacified him and also healed him by restoring his heads.

Thus Shiva came to be known as Vaidyanatha. Ravana asked Shiva to accompany him to Lanka so that he could consecrate him there. Shiva bowed to the wishes of Ravana and assumed the form of a Linga in two parts. The only condition that Shiva had for Ravana was not to place the Shivaling on the ground.

Ravana carried the Shivalinga and proceeded towards his kingdom of Lanka. However, when he reached the region of Gokarn (Baijnath), he felt the need to relieve himself. He found a cowherd in the vicinity and handed over the Shivling to him to hold for a while.

When he returned the Shivling was on the ground and the cowherd had fled. Thus the Shivling got established in Baijnath, one half as Vaidyanath and the other as Chandrabhal.

The above story of Ravana and Shiva is similar to the one associated with the Sri Mahabaleshwara Swamy Temple Gokarna in the state of Karnataka.

It is also believed that the Pandavas had established a big city with a Shiva temple in the region, and the Baijnath Siva Mandir is that very temple. The city and the temple were probably destroyed by some natural catastrophe. The Shivling however must have survived the wrath of nature, and a temple was built over it again by the two brothers Manyuka and Ahuka.

Baijnath Temple Mystery | Baijnath Jyotirling?

Baba Baijnath Dham
Baba Baijnath Dham

There are 12 Jyotirlingas across India and some believe that Baijnath is a Jyotirling too. However, it is generally accepted that the “Srividyanatham,” referred to in the Dwadasha Jyotirlinga stotra of Adi Shankaracharya is the one in Deoghar in the state of Jharkhand.

“Poorvothare prajwalika nidhane
sada vasantham girija sametham
surasuraradhitha padapadmam
srivaidyanatham thamaham namami”
-From Adi Shankaracharya’s Dwadasha Jyotirlinga Stotra

According to the Stotram of Adi Shankaracharya, the Srivaidyanatham being referred to is in the north-east direction. The Baba Baidyanath temple in Deoghar Jharkhand fits this description and hence is considered one of the 12 Jyotirlingas.

The dispute over this also includes another Shiva Temple in Maharashtra, the Parli Vaijnath temple, which many believe to be a Jyotirlinga temple. However, suffice to say, that irrespective of being a Jyotirlinga or not, the Baidyanath temple in Himachal Pradesh is surrounded by the divine aura of Lord Shiva.

Baijnath Temple Kangra Himachal Pradesh Architecture

Famous Baijnath Temple - Baijnath Jyotirling
Shiv Temple Baijnath

The famous Baijnath Temple is a pleasing visual sight with its symmetric design juxtaposed against the beautiful backdrop of mountains. The temple is built in the Nagara style of temple architecture.

The temple complex is enclosed by a stone wall that runs around its perimeter. The wall measures about 120 feet in length and 60 feet in width on the eastern side and about 75 feet on the western side.

The temple is on an east-west axis and is oriented towards the west. It has all the elements of the Nagara style of temple architecture that is prevalent in Northern India. The entire temple is built on a raised platform, and one enters the compiled by a small flight of stairs.

A Nandi stands facing the main entrance
A Nandi stands facing the main entrance of the famous Baijnath Temple in Himachal Pradesh

A Nandi stands facing the main entrance in stark relief. The standing Nandi is a feature of many Shiva temples in the north, especially Himachal Pradesh.

Right in front of the standing Nandi is a small pavilion supported by four columns at the corners. Inside this pavilion is the sculpture of a seated Nandi. A unique aspect of this Nandi which we have never come across is the figure of a man hanging by its tail. The same feature can be seen in the standing Nandi too, however, it is very prominent in the sitting Nandi.

After the pavilion with the sitting Nandi, there is another small porch, the entrance porch or the Ardha Mandapa, which is supported by four ornate columns. The Ardha Mandapa leads to the Mandapa or main hall in front of the Garbha Griha or Sanctum Sanctorum.

Ceiling of the famous Baijnath Temple - Baijnath Jyotirling
The ceiling of the famous Baijnath Temple – Baijnath Jyotirling

Inside the Mandapa are the faded inscriptions that provide a window to the ancient history of the temple. The Mandapa is topped with a ceiling that is embellished with ornate beams. The Garbagriha is crowned with a Shikhara crowned with an Amalaka and Kalasha. On the southern and northern sides of the Mandapa are beautiful balconies supported by ornate columns.

Radhakrishna Temple at Baijnath
Radhakrishna Temple at Baijnath

The main temple of Shiva is surrounded by smaller shrines and open pavilions with deities. One of the important shrines that stands diagonally in front of the main shrine is a small temple dedicated to Radha and Krishna. There are some other small structures that were damaged in the earthquake of 1905 and are believed to have been rooms of the priests who served in the temple.

The outer walls of the temple are decorated with carvings of Hindu deities and Hindu iconography, while there are many sculptures in the niches of the outer walls too.

Sculptures In Baba Baijnath Mandir

Sculptures In Baba Baijnath Mandir
Sculptures In Baba Baijnath Mandir

The ancient and famous Baijnath temple is home to many sculptures that have survived the ravages of nature and time. These can be seen in niches on the wall that surrounds the temple as well as on the outer temple walls. The sculptures depict scenes from Hindu mythology and various Gods and Goddesses from the Hindu pantheon.

Baijnath Shiva Temple Sculptures
Baijnath Shiva Temple Sculptures

Some of the notable images in the niches include those of Shiva and Parvati, Brahma, Ganesha, Kuber, Saraswati, Shiva as Ardha Narishwar, Lakshmnarayan, Ganga, Durga, and Surya.

Intriguing Mysteries of Ancient Baijnath Temple In Himachal Pradesh

Baijnath Temple, HP
Baijnath Temple, HP

Here are some amazing mysteries associated with the Baijnath Mandir in Himachal Pradesh, that adds to the enigma of the temple.

  • The festival of Dassara in which an effigy of Ravana is burnt is not celebrated in Baijnath as Ravana is considered to be one of the most ardent devotees of Shiva
  • There are no goldsmith or silversmith shops in Baijnath, whenever someone has tried to start this business, they have failed, this fact too seems to be related to Ravana
  • The Shivling inside the Baijnath Shivling temple is believed to extend a long-long way into the bowels of the earth
  • Once a king from Mandi wanted to take the Shivling with him but in spite of digging deep the workers could not reach the end of the Shivling and were attacked by strange-looking bees
  • The repentant king realized his mistake and had the Shivling decorated with butter since then the Shivling has been decorated with large amounts of butter for seven days during the festival of Makar Sankranti
  • A beautiful white mouse has been spotted near the sculpture of Ganesh in the temple, no one knows from where it comes and where it disappears
  • On the image of Shiva and Parvati near the Radhakrishna temple, a small cobra or Nag materializes from time to time
  • According to the hereditary priest of the temple, their forefathers used to chant, “Om Naman Shivaya,” in the mornings when they came to open the temple and the temple doors used to open automatically

Baijnath Temple Timings And Important Information

Baijnath Mahadev Temple

The Baijnath Temple timings according to the board put up in the temple premises are given here, however it is recommended that you check the official website of the temple for any changes and updated timings.

  • Baijnath Shiv Mandir timings in winter are 4.30 AM to 9.00 PM
  • Baijnath Himachal Pradesh Shiv Mandir timings in summer are 4.00 AM to 8.45 PM
  • Morning Puja and aarti at Baijnath Dham Shiv Mandir in winter is 5.30 AM
  • Morning Puja and aarti at Baijnath Dham Shiv Mandir in summer is 5.15 AM
  • EveningPuja and aarti at Baijnath Shiv Mandir in winter is 7.45 PM
  • Evening Puja and aarti at Baijnath Shiv Mandir in summer is 7.15 PM
  • Bhog to Lord Shiva at the Baijnath Shiv Mandir is between 11.45 AM to 12.00 noon
  • The Baijnath Himachal Pradesh Shiv Mandir is open on all days of the week
  • Baijnath Himachal Pradesh Shiv Mandir contact number is 7018557957
  • Baijnath Temple Palampur email address is [email protected]

Baijnath Weather | Best Time To Visit Baijnath Temple Kangra

Baijnath in Kangra district has pleasant weather throughout the year. The best time to visit Baijnath would be between March to June and September to December.

Images Of Baijnath Temple

Here are some images of the Baijnath temple. We are sure that these Baijnath temple photos will soon pull you like a magnet to Himachal Pradesh.

Baijnath Temple Photos
Baijnath Temple Photos

Visiting Ancient Baijnath Temple In Himachal Pradesh

Binwa river behind Baijnath Shiv Mandir
Binwa river behind Baijnath Shiv Mandir

The ancient temple of Baijnath is located in picturesque surroundings. It is located by the side of a highway, and from the road, one does not expect the pleasant sight that greets you when you reach the precincts of the temple.

Behind the temple flows the Binwa river, making its way amidst rocks and pebbles, against the backdrop of lush green hills.

Park behind the Baijnath Temple Palampur
Park behind the Baijnath Temple Palampur

The temple itself is surrounded by a garden that affords panoramic views of the river and the mountains that ornament the horizon.

Places To Visit Near Baijnath

Dharamshala, Himachal Pradesh
Mcleod Ganj, Himachal Pradesh

There are many places near Baijnath that you can include in your Himachal Pradesh itinerary. Here is a list of some of the important places to visit near Baijnath with distance.

  • Chamunda Devi Temple – 36 kilometres
  • Masroor Rock Cut Temples – 90 kilometres
  • Andreta – 12 kilometres
  • Dharamshala – 51 kilometres
  • Mcleodganj – 60 kilometres
  • Palampur – 17 kilometres
  • Bir – 13 kilometres
  • Mandi – 75 kilometres
  • Parashar Lake – 107 kilometres
  • Khajjar – 163 kilometres
  • Dalhousie – 161 kilometres

Baijnath Map | Baijnath Himachal Pradesh Map

Here is the map of Baijnath in Baijnath, Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

Baijnath Map - Baijnath Himachal Pradesh Map
Image depicting the location of the famous Baijnath Temple

How To Reach Baijnath Shiv Mandir | Baijnath Mahadev Temple

Baijnath Temple Palampur
The famous Baijnath Temple Palampur

Click here for directions.

  • Baijnath Temple is located in a town named Baijath in the Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh in India
  • Baijnath is located right on the National Highway that connects Pathankot and Mandi
  • Baijnath Shiv Mandir Address is, Shiv Mandir, Baijnath, Himachal Pradesh – 176125
  • Baijnath to Kangra distance is about 53 kilometres
  • Baijnath to Dharamshala distance is about 51 kilometres

Reaching The Famous Baijnath Temple Himachal Pradesh By Air

The nearest airport to Baijnath is in Pathankot at a distance of about 129 kilometres. There are flights to and from Delhi and Jaipur. Please check respective airports and airlines for updated flight schedules.

Reaching The Ancient & Famous Baijnath Temple Himachal Pradesh By Rail

Baijnath has a railway station that is less than a kilometre from the Baijnath Shiv Mandir. Trains to and from Pathankot and Jogindernagar pass through the station. The Railway station code of Baijnath Mandir Railway station is BJMR.

Reaching The Famous Baijnath Temple Himachal Pradesh By Road

Baijnath is located right by the side of the highway connecting Pathankot and Mandi. One can travel to Baijnath from anywhere by road. We travelled by road from Amritsar, via Pathankot, Dalhousie, and Dharamshala.

If you are planning your Himachal Pradesh itinerary and visit to Baijnath, you can book your flight tickets right here through, TripAdvisor or CheapAir or Cleartrip or Makemytrip or Priceline and fly to Pathankot or Amritsar. If you are thinking of a  road trip, do check out the rental car and bus options.

Where To Stay While Visiting Baijnath

Tattva Bir Resort in Bir
Tattva Bir Resort in Bir

There are many options for hotels and homestays in and around Baijnath. You can also choose to stay in Dharamshala or Palampur. We stayed at the beautiful Tattva Bir Resort in Bir. You can book this hotel or any other of your choice right here!

You can book Hotels in Baijanath near Baijnath temple Palampur, Hotels in Bir, Hotels in Dharamshala, Hotels in Palampur or any destination right here through any of the options below: TripAdvisor or Cleartrip or Makemytrip or Priceline and save a lot by getting the best deals on booking your stay.

Click to book the best hotels in Baijnath or the best hotels in Himachal Pradesh

Planning Your Travel In Himachal Pradesh

There is so much to see and experience in Himachal Pradesh. If you prefer package tours and looking for these, you can plan your Himachal Pradesh itinerary and book your Himachal Pradesh & Uttarakhand Tours right here.  So go ahead and book online places to see in Himachal Pradesh and popular activities in Himachal Pradesh and cover attractions in Himachal Pradesh.

Click here to know more and book Himachal Pradesh’s  Best Attractions in Himachal

Shiv Temple Baijnath FAQ

Images of Baijnath Temple
Images of Baijnath Temple

Is Baijnath Temple in Himachal Pradesh a Jyotirlinga?
The Baijnath temple in Himachal Pradesh is not considered a Jyotirlinga though some believe it to be one.

What was the ancient name of Baijnath?
The ancient name of Baijnath in Himachal Pradesh was Kiragrama.

Who built the present Baijnath Shiv Mandir in Himachal Pradesh?
The present Baijnath Shiv Mandir in Himachal Pradesh was built by two merchant brothers named Ahuka and Manyuka.

Which is the nearest airport to Baijnath in Himachal Pradesh?
The nearest airport to Baijnath Himachal Pradesh

How far is Baijnath Shiv Mandir from Dharamshala?
Dharamshala is about 51 kilometres from Baijnath.

A visit to the ancient Baijnath Shiva temple is sure to leave you with a blissful and euphoric experience. it stands as a symbol of faith that has stood the test of time. It is also an excellent example of the architectural and artistic mastery of the craftsmen who lived many centuries ago.

We hope you liked reading our Baijnath travel blog and are sure that the information serves as a complete Baijnath guide to plan your own visit to Baijnath and other places in Himachal Pradesh.

Are you planning a last-minute Holiday?

Below are some useful resources to help you book flights, hotels, and tours! And also clothes, luggage and accessories for your trip!

Flights –  TripAdvisor or CheapAir or Cleartrip or Makemytrip or Priceline

Tours –  Click here to book top tours around the world

Hotels – Click to book the best hotels/resorts
Choose best stay options with TripAdvisor or Cleartrip or ixigo  or Makemytrip or goibibo or Hotelscombined or Priceline

Apparels – Click to buy Menswear or Womenswear or Kidswear

Accessories/Luggage – Click to buy Accessories and Luggage items

Beauty Products – Click to buy Personal Care and Beauty Products 

Ancient Baijnath Temple Himachal Pradesh

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13 thoughts on “Famous Baijnath Temple Himachal Pradesh – Baijnath Mandir”

  1. I have heard the Ravana story but didn’t know that this is associated with baijnath. Those mysteries that you have shared are really awesome. There is so much deep in our mythology that if we start to discover it, it fascinates us..

  2. I had visited Himachal pradesh many years ago but did not visit Bajinath temple. the infrastructure is looking amazing. thanks for sharing history and all needed details to visit it without discomfort.

  3. I enjoy reading all of your posts. We are constantly learning new things. I make it a point to have my son read your post because he is very interested in history, particularly temples. Keep sharing such post.

  4. Baijnath Temple looks so beautiful and fascinating. I love the architecture. Honestly speaking, I have never visited a temple in Himachal Pradesh. But having read and seen so many posts about the temples there, I will surely visit this one the next time I am there.

  5. The entire temple complex is kept very clean and lush green gardens.The temple is serene. Temples architecture is very beautiful.

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