I read about archaeologists discovering the remains of a sunken city – Dwarka beneath the sea off the western coast of India and my interest was piqued and I set off on a journey of exploration.
My quest brought me to Dwarka, a small city situated in the western state of Gujarat, India. Dwarka is a famous pilgrimage centre of India and is identified with the ancient kingdom of Krishna, one of the most popular and famous Hindu deities. Dwarka is home to a 2,500 year old temple dedicated to the God Krishna.
For many years, the legend has prevailed and Indian mythology is replete with accounts of how the original kingdom of Dwarka looked like. The Indian epic Mahabharata says that Dwarka had 900,000 royal palaces, all constructed with crystal and silver and decorated with emeralds. The city was connected by an elaborate system of boulevards, roads, market places , assembly houses and temples.
Recent marine archaeological explorations of the sea here have thrown light on a number of stone structures of different shapes, also discovered were stone anchors and other artifacts. The exploration also found sandstone walls, a grid of streets and remains of a sea port, some 70 feet beneath the sea. The evidence points to the fact of the existence of a city some 9,000 years ago.
Is this the mythical and grand city of Dwarka, the kingdom of Krishna? Scientists, scholars and historians discuss and debate on this. But the thought of a dazzling city destroyed by a flood and submerged under the sea creates a compelling visual imagery.
This is a small inhabited island off Dwarka, about 1 mile in the sea. There are regular boat services to get to the island from Okha port which is about 32 kilometers from Dwarka. There is a 500 year old temple dedicated to Krishna here, which is the main attraction. To me, however the main point of interest was the fact that this island is considered to be a part of the ancient city that sunk under the sea. Most of the ancient ruins of the sunken city have been found around this area.
As I sat in the boat and looked at the sea water gushing past me, I peered down at the water and wondered about the grand city of Dwarka that lay buried deep under the sea. I wondered how it must have been in those times, how people lived their lives, how the city must have echoed to the happy sounds of children playing, the thumping of hooves as horses galloped with soldiers astride. A vibrant and throbbing kingdom. And then one day, everything washed away and submerged under water. Only to live as a legend and a myth till some day Man rediscovered its remains.
This interesting video of 14 odd minutes throws light on the sunken city of Dwarka. Do watch it to know more.
How to get to there
- The nearest airport is Porbandar which is 95 kilometers away
- Well connected by train to all major cities of India
- Well connected by Road to all major cities of India
- Scuba Diving
There is a Scuba diving center in Dwarka and there are associations that organize scuba diving activities. If you plan to do scuba diving, then it is advisable to go with a group of divers as it works out economical.
Dwarka is an important destination owing to its association to Krishna. Do check out our post about the Krishna Janmasthami festival, which is an annual celebration of the birth anniversary of Krishna.
Have you heard stories of sunken cities? Do share with us in the comments section.
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