In the year 1950, one of the World’s largest and greatest democracies was forged and the country was christened Republic of India. The constitution of India came into force on this day, the 26th of January, 1950. India celebrates Republic Day with great pomp, gaiety and solemnity every year. Colourful and ceremonial parades and pageants take place at Rajpath in Delhi and the city transforms itself into the vibrant colours of the Indian flag. The same spirit of pride and celebration pervades each and every village, town and city of this vast and varied country called India.
The intricate mosaic that is India consists of 29 states and 7 union territories which adorn it from North to South and East to West. The voices of the people of India resonates in over 122 major languages and over 720 dialects. The same diversity is evident in the country’s cuisine and culture. But in the midst of all this diversity runs a common thread of patriotism that strings the people and the states together to form a multi-coloured and multi-splendoured fragrant garland of flowers which is Incredible India.
Nature also plays it part in the diversity of India. The landscapes of Incredible India range from the snowy and freezing mountains of the Himalayas, to the arid Thar Desert, from the picturesque backwaters of Kerala to the sun-kissed beaches of Goa.
On the occasion of India’s Republic Day, we list here the 29 states and 7 union territories of Incredible India and one must-see place or must have experience which has become synonymous with the state. To enable you to get an idea of the geographical location of the states covered in this post, they have been marked in green in the below image.
Glimpses Of Incredible India: States And Union Territories
The state is situated in the southern part of India. The capital city is Hyderabad, however, a new capital city called Amaravathi is on the cards. One of the most visited places in the state that has in many ways come to visually represent the state is the Charminar in Hyderabad. The Charminar is a charming monument and mosque that was constructed in the year 1591 CE. Though various theories exist on the purpose of the construction of this monument. The widely accepted theory is that it was built to commemorate the eradication of Plague which ruled rampant in those times.
This state lies to the North-East extreme of India and has its capital in Itanagar. The name of the state literally translates to “Land of the Dawn-Lit Mountains”. The state is rich in biodiversity and is also known as the “Orchid State of India” and the “Paradise of the Botanists”. The state is an irresistible platter of pristine and unblemished nature that beckons you to immerse in its magic. While in Arunachal Pradesh, you cannot miss visiting the Tawang Monastery, said to be one of the biggest Buddhist monasteries in the world. The monastery situated in heaven like settings is sure to offer an ethereal experience.
This is another state that straddles the North-Eastern part of India. The capital of Assam is Dispur and the state is synonymous with its tea. Assam Tea is famous, the world over. The mighty Brahmaputra river flows through this state. Assam is also home to almost two-thirds of the one-horned Rhinoceros of the world. These can be found in the environs of the Kaziranga National Park. While in Assam, one must not forget to keep their date with the one-horned Rhino.
This is the third largest state of India in terms of population and lies in the eastern part of the country. The capital of the state is Patna and it has a rich history that dates back in time and its mention is found in the religious texts and scriptures of India. Bihar is the state which once echoed to the soothing sermons that emerged from the hallowed lips of the Buddha. If you want to feel the aura of the Buddha, then a visit to Bodh Gaya where he attained enlightenment is a spiritual experience that cannot be missed.
The name literally translates into “36 Forts”. This is a relatively new state that was carved out from another state of India, Madhya Pradesh in the year 2000. The capital of the state is Raipur. When in Chhatisgarh one should not forget to revel in the spray of the Chitrakote falls, which is dubbed as the Niagara Falls of India. In full flow, the falls are a spectacular sight with a width of over 300 metres. The rising sun casts a magic spell on the waters creating a kaleidoscopic effect.
India’s smallest state by area is Goa and it is serenaded by the Arabian Sea on its western flank. Goa is well known for its silvery stretches of beaches and its unique and rocking culture. The capital of Goa is Panaji. Apart from the ubiquitous beaches of Goa and Dudhsagar waterfalls, the other must-see place is the Basilica of Bom Jesus, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The church which was constructed in 1605, holds the mortal remains of St. Francis Xavier.
A state on the western side of India is Gujarat, which has Gandhinagar as its capital. The state has a rich history and its 2000-year-old maritime history is referenced in Greek books of yore. The State gyrates to the spell binding allure of its folk music during the festival of Navratri and soars high during the Kite festival called Uttarayan. Gujarat is also the birth place of Mahatma Gandhi and embraces in its fold many historical monuments. The most important among these is the famous Somnath temple, which seems to have existed well beyond the realms of history. The earliest reference that can be found to the temple is 649 CE. The temple was razed by invaders and rebuilt again and again several times. It is a historic and religious monument that stands triumphantly with the backdrop of the Arabian Sea.
This is one of the agrarian states, situated in the Northern part of India. The capital of the state is Chandigarh. The state produces wheat, rice and sugarcane in abundance and also has a flourishing Dairy industry. Chandigarh is an example of a planned city and its architecture and design is a great example of Urban design across the world. The famous Rock Garden that spreads over 40 acres of land and is engineered from throw-away items and waste material is indeed a sight to behold. The garden is the culmination of one man’s dreams and passions. A man called Nek Chand.
The name literally translates to “Land in the lap of Snow” and is an apt description of this northern state of India. The state, bordered by snow clad mountains houses some of the most beautiful landscapes of India. The capital of the state is Shimla, which is a picturesque little city situated at an altitude of 2,277 metres above sea level. Himachal Pradesh is a veritable wonderland of natural beauty with great opportunities for trekking and skiing. A destination that would be a treat for the senses in Himachal Pradesh is Spiti. A place where the music of nature combines with the heady elixir of spirituality to lull you into a hypnotic spell which you would never want to be broken.
Jammu & Kashmir
This state lies in the extreme north of India and is mostly situated in the Himalayan Mountains. The state is well known for its picture-postcard landscapes. Its lakes, mountains and meadows together forge a fairyland that is the stuff of dreams. Srinagar is the summer capital of the state while in winter Jammu assumes the role. The jewel in the crown of the state is undoubtedly the enchanting Dal lake which is the epicentre of the tourism industry in the state. The lake skirted by magnificent gardens of the Mughal era and with colourful houseboats is something one must experience while visiting the state.
Glimpses of Incredible India. This post covers Andhra, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhatisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu Kashmir. This is the first of the 4 part series of posts on 29 states and 7 union territories. We have covered glimpses of 10 states of Incredible India in this post.
This is a brief peep into a complex mosaic that is Incredible India. India is like a massive ocean with countless pearls and precious stones. Every time you dive in, you come up with a gem. This post on Incredible India has just skimmed the surface. Do check out for our post in this series where we will take a glimpse of some other states of India.
Glimpses Of Incredible India: States And Union Territories:
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