Welcome back dear readers to this third part of our series on Indian States and Union Territories. In this part, we steal some glimpses of a few more states that are a part of the incredible mosaic that is India. We would encourage you to do refer to our earlier posts in this series:
Reading Part I and Part II will give a complete picture of the complexity and diversity of India and a brief overview of different Indian states. In this part, we look at the remaining 9 states that make up India.
In this, the third of our 4 part series, we look at 9 more states of India which shine luminously on India’s map.
The Indian states that we will cover in this post are colored in green, in the map below:
The name literally translates as,”The land of the 5 rivers”. The five rivers being referred to here are the Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Chenab, and Jhelum. These rivers have ensured a rich and fertile soil because of which Punjab is also referred to as, “The Granary of India”. Punjab is one of the Indian states which has a flourishing agrarian economy. The state of Punjab is situated in the northern part of India and is a colorful and vibrant region. A drive through the interiors of the state is sure to mesmerize one with rows and rows of mustard fields swaying in the breeze to the hypnotic rhythm of Bhangra, the folk dance of the state. The capital of Punjab is Chandigarh and its main cities are Ludhiana, Amritsar, and Jalandhar. A visit to Punjab would remain incomplete without a glimpse of the Golden Temple in Amritsar, a serene place where spirituality pervades the air.
The state which has royalty snuggling in its very name is probably one of the most popular Indian states in terms of tourism. Rajasthan which literally means, “Land of Kings”, offers a unique and varied experience to its visitors. It is an intoxicating cocktail of palaces, forts, desert lands, temples, wildlife sanctuaries, music, and dance. The capital of Rajasthan is Jaipur. The state is situated in the western part of India and is easily accessible from all the major cities of the country by rail, road, and air. The state of Rajasthan is a giant tableau of sights and sounds and it indeed very difficult to choose one over the other. Amer Fort and Palace in Jaipur, Meherangarh Fort in Jodhpur and the vast Thar Desert beyond Jaisalmer are some of the places that epitomize the spirit and character of Rajasthan.
This state which nestles in the lower Himalayas is a pristine region that is relatively less touched by the winds of industrialization. This is one of the most beautiful Indian states in terms of natural beauty. Its beauty is indeed a revelation as you travel across enchanting lakes, villages and treacherous mountain passes. This northern state of India was on the ancient Silk Route which was the main conduit for trade and cultural interaction of the Asian region. Sikkim was an independent monarchy till it became the 22nd state of India in the year 1975. The capital of Sikkim is Gangtok and it accounts for the highest production of Cardamom in the country. Gangtok, Nathula Pass, Pelling, Ravangla, and the Yumthang Valley are some magical places that must not be missed in Sikkim.
The state of Tamil Nadu lies in the southernmost part of the Indian Penisula. The capital city of the state is Chennai, earlier known as Madras. The lingua franca of the region is Tamil, one of the longest existing classical languages in the world. This is one of the Indian states that is resplendent with many ancient and exquisite temples. As one travels in the state, one is sure to brush with history in the form of ancient temples like the Meenakshi temple In Madurai which is more than 2500 years old. Kanya Kumari which is the southern most tip of India is also situated in Tamil Nadu. The picturesque hill stations of Ooty and Kodaikanal are also jewels that adorn the state.
Telangana is among the brand new Indian states formed recently. This state has been carved out of the state of Andhra Pradesh. It came into existence in 2014 and has Hyderabad as its capital. The other major cities of this southern state include Warangal, Khammam, and Karimnagar. Hyderabad is a city with a rich history of Mughal architecture and culture. The Charminar, Golconda fort and the Salar Jung Museum are sights one should not miss when in Hyderabad.
Tripura is one of the small Indian states in the Nort-Eastern part of India and covers an area of about 4,000 square Kilometres. The state is connected to the rest of the country through National Highway No.8. The capital city of Tripura is Agartala. The majestic Ujjayanta Palace standing on the banks of a serene lake amidst beautiful gardens is indeed a sight to behold when in Agartala.
Uttar Pradesh is one of the largest Indian states in terms of area and the most populous region. The historic and sacred rivers Ganga and Yamuna flow through the state. One of the wonders of the World, a monument that was described by Rabindranath Tagore as a tear on the cheek of time, the Taj Mahal is situated in the state of Uttar Pradesh in Agra. Varanasi, the spiritual destination for Hindus and one of the oldest existing cities of the world is also situated in the state of Uttar Pradesh. Lucknow, with its Mughal heritage, is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh.
This is a Northern state of India that came into existence in the year 2,000. It was carved out of the north-western and Himalayan districts of Uttar Pradesh.The capital of the state is Dehra Dun. The proximity to the Himalayan ranges ensures that the state is endowed with rich and varied natural beauty. Uttarakhand is one of the Indian states that has incredible nature trails which are a heaven sent for trekkers. Nanda Devi, the second highest mountain peak in India lies in this state. Nainital, nestling in the midst of snow-clad mountains is a picturesque destination in Uttarakhand. The Valley of Flowers is a place high up in the Himalayan valleys which is a treasure trove of nature and bio-diversity. Uttarakhand is a paradise for nature lovers.
A state situated in the Eastern part of the country, Bengal has Kolkota(Calcutta) as its capital city. Bengal is one of the Indian states that has a rich heritage and culture. Kolkata is steeped in history with its Victoria Memorial as a distinctive landmark of the state. The Sunderbans which form the largest single block of Mangrove forests in the World is situated in Bengal. The roar of the Bengal tiger echoes through the state combining with the sweet strains of Rabindra Sangeet to create a magical ethos in the state of Bengal. India’s tea country in the form of Darjeeling is also situated in Bengal. And when in Bengal do yield to the temptation of Rosogolla, a syrupy dessert.
Glimpses of Indian states. This post covers Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, & Bengal. This is the third of the 4 part series of posts on 29 states and 7 union territories. We have covered glimpses of 9 states of Incredible India in this post.
We hope you enjoyed reading about Indian states. We shall be back soon with our final part of the series where we will cover the Union Territories, which together with the 29 states make up India. In the meanwhile, do not hesitate to write to us for any information about India.
Glimpses Of Incredible India: States And Union Territories:
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